Challenges inherent to the construction industry – Every project is a prototype and projects can be complex. Whilst years of time and investment go into R&D and design development in the automotive industry, the construction industry process is very different. Often a group of people unfamiliar with each other are brought together to produce a design in an unrealistic time frame. In the race to “go to tender” contract documentation is often strewn with errors, incomplete design, and uncoordinated interfaces between disciplines. Inevitable post contract design changes result in a mass of variations leading to cost increases and time overruns.